Through millions of years of evolution, the structures and processes of organisms have resolved many of the engineering and environmental challenges facing the modern world–we just need to look, observe, and learn. Botanical gardens are “idea libraries,” places where a wealth of these solutions have been assembled near the doorsteps of the scientists, engineers, and designers tackling these issues.

“We’re in a period right now where it’s the responsibility of each person who cares about passing on a beautiful, resilient, healthy planet, to get out on the streets and fight for it.”

— Denis Hayes, Founder of Earth Day.


Ask Nature: Alexandra Ralevski
Argus Controls: Alec Mackenzie
Biomimicry 3.8 & Singularity University: Leon Wang
Bullitt Foundation: Denis Hayes, Mary McNair
California Academy of Sciences: Dimitri Smirnoff
Christine Lintott Architects: Christine Lintott
Cooper Hewitt, Smithsonian Design Museum: Matilda McQuaid
Durham University: Jas Pal Badyal
Exploration Architecture: Michael Pawlyn
Heron Media: Dan Hinkley
NASA Jet Propulsion Lab, Robert J. Lang Origami: Robert Lang
New York Botanical Garden: Barbara A. Ambrose
PFS Studio: Kelty McKinnon
Phipps Conservatory and Botanical Gardens: Richard V. Piacentini
Summerland Secondary School: Grant Mansiere
Tree of 40 Fruits: Sam Van Aken
UBC Faculty of Science: Loren Rieseberg
UBC Botanical Garden: Andy Hill, Douglas Justice, Patrick Lewis
UC Berkeley: Philip B. Stark, Thomas Carlson
Warwick University: Wanda Lewis, David Towers, Adrian Seymour, Martin Millson, Peter Meesum,
Jim Smith, Ian Brown, Graham Canham, Charles Joyce, Amy Hamson, Rachel Grimes, James Hudson, Mark Hewson.